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Martin Dray

Called 1992

Martin Dray

Martin specialises in all aspects of real property law.  He has particular experience and expertise in relation to: adverse possession; conveyancing; land registration issues such as priorities and alteration of the register of title; options (to break, renew and purchase) and rights of pre-emption; easements; restrictive covenants; development and overage agreements; landlord and tenant; 1954 Act business lease renewals; 1967 Act and 1993 Act leasehold enfranchisement.  He frequently advises on the interpretation and rectification of contractual documents.

Martin is ranked in Chambers and Partners and The Legal 500 as a leading junior in property litigation.  Published comments include: “He’s a brilliant lawyer – but he’s also very funny and charming”; “A first-choice junior”; “provides excellent advice” and “a talented advocate” who is “incredibly persuasive”.

Martin prides himself on being commercially minded and giving clients practical advice, and on being accessible and a team-player.  The legal press records that he “is excellent to work with, “approachable”, “enthusiastic”, “extremely user friendly”, “has a good grasp of the commercial context’ and “quickly appreciates the key issues from a client’s perspective”.

Martin is equally at home with both advisory and litigation work.  He appears in courts, tribunals and arbitrations and at mediations.  He has a noted “specialism in high-profile property cases”.  He has acted in several leading cases, including: Pye v Graham – the key House of Lords’ decision - and Topplan v Townley on adverse possession; Macepark v Sargeant on easements; Martin v Maryland on service charges.  

Not confining himself to British bricks and mortar, Martin is happy to advise in relation to property cases overseas.  Recent instructions have centred on properties in Gibraltar, Barbados, and the Turks and Caicos Islands.

In addition to his practice at the Bar, Martin sees cases from ‘the other side of the fence’ in his capacity as a Deputy District Judge in the county court.  He is also a Judge of the First-tier Tribunal (Property Chamber), deciding property cases referred by HM Land Registry.

Martin’s dispute resolution experience extends to arbitration and expert determination too.  He is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators and a member of Falcon Chambers Arbitration.  He has often been appointed as arbitrator or expert to adjudicate on disputes (both on the papers and after a hearing).  He has acted as legal assessor appointed by an arbitrator.

Amongst other legal writing, Martin has found the time to co-edit the last three editions of Barnsley's Land Options, the leading work for practitioners on the subject.  He has co-authored The Law and Practice of Charging Orders of Land and is a former contributor to Fisher & Lightwood’s Law of Mortgage.

  • Education
    • Bristol University, LLB (Hons) (1991)
  • Professional
    • Deputy District Judge.
    • Judge of the First-tier Tribunal (Property Chamber).
    • Deputy Adjudicator to HM Land Registry (2008 to 2013).
    • Blundell Lecturer (2008).
    • Property Bar Association Committee Member (2007 to 2011).
    • FCIArb
  • Recent Cases
    • Patel v Freddy’s Ltd [2017] EWHC 73 (Ch).  Land registration: fraud; whether mistake on register caused by lack of proper care by person registered as proprietor; whether claimant entitled to alteration of register or indemnity
    • Sheihk Bin Mahfouz v El-Rashid [2016] (Ch). Removal and appointment of trustees, vesting order and possession of property in £ multi-million case.
    • Metropolitan Properties v Dooley [2016] (FTT). Individual lease extension under the 1993 Act raising valuation issues.
    • WH Smith v Telford Trustees [2016] (Cty Ct). Business lease renewal: supplemental expert valuation evidence following redaction of parts of reports; specific disclosure.
    • Brickfield Properties v Dixon [2016] (FTT). Individual lease extension under the 1993 Act involving valuation dispute.
    • Paton v Cordrey [2015] (Cty Ct). Recovery of costs in a compromised long-running boundary dispute.
    • TSB v MH Nominees [2014] (Cty Ct). 1954 Act business lease renewal: late amendment of landlord’s acknowledgment of service to include claim for a redevelopment break clause.
    • No.1 Deansgate (Residential) v No.1 Deansgate RTM Co [2013] UKUT 580 (LC). Right to manage under the 2002 Act: whether building structurally detached for RTM purposes.
    • Dyer v Terry [2013] EWHC 4829 (Ch). Costs of an appeal: identification of the successful party.
    • Dyer v Terry [2013] EWHC 209 (Ch). Adverse possession of roadside verge areas through cultivation and parking.
    • Re 89 Trinity Court, WC1 [2012] LVT. Individual lease extension under the 1993 Act; issues regarding independence of expert witness, premium, lease terms and statutory costs
    • Tomlinson v Foster [2012] EWLandRA 2011_1049. Adverse possession: Schedule 6 to Land Registration Act 2002.
    • Colebourn v Stevens [2012] EWLandRA 2012_0051. Alteration of the register of title under Schedule 4 to Land Registration Act 2002 to remove mistaken entry of benefit of right of way.
    • Ivory Real Estate v Imac Estates [2011] (Ch). Specific performance of £4.15 million contract for sale; provision of undertaking; discharge of charges.
    • Re 105-114 Ossulton Way, N2 [2011] LVT. Collective enfranchisement under the 1993 Act: terms of the transfer; rights and easements benefitting intermediate landlord.
    • Re Asburnham Mansions [2011] LVT. Multiple individual lease extensions under the 1993 Act involving valuation disputes and issues as to lease terms.
    • Miller Properties v Pastoll [2010] EWHC 2364 (Ch). Equitable charge: possession and sale; Administration of Justice Act 1970, s.36.
    • Caulfield v Yolanda [2010] EWLandRA 2009_0599. Cancellation of unilateral notice on register of title where sale contract rescinded.
    • Re Vancouver Mansions, HA8 [2010] LVT. Landlord and tenant: determination of breach under Leasehold and Commonhold Reform Act 2002, s.168(4).
    • Hayward & Son v Thompson [2009], Comm. Ct, Flaux J.  Remission of arbitration award for serious irregularity under Arbitration Act 1996, s.68 in light of non-disclosure of witness’s contingency fee agreement.
    • Expandable v Clarke [2008] Ch. Bankruptcy: whether share in enfranchisement claim assigned by trustee in bankruptcy; whether occupation rent payable by former bankrupt.
    • Donington Park Leisure v Wheatcroft & Sons [2006] EWHC 904 (Ch); [2006] All ER (D) 94 (Apr). Resolution of terms to be included in agreement for use of land in connection with British Motorcycle GP where proceedings settled by Tomlin Order.
    • Brand v Onslow Suffolk [2005] EWLandRA 2004_0169. Adverse possession: factual possession by the creation of motorbike tracks, creation for chickens etc.; human rights.
    • Topplan Estates v Townley [2004] EWCA Civ 1369; [2005] 1 EGLR 89, CA. Adverse possession: relevance of historic licences upon whether squatter had possession; whether squatter's possession interrupted by road-widening works.
    • Dewar v Krestic [2004] All ER (D) 571 (Mar), Lewison J. Liability for costs in boundary dispute.
    • Macepark (Whittlebury) v Sargeant (No.2) [2003] 1 WLR 2284, ChD. Right of way: whether use of non-dominant land legitimate.
    • J. A. Pye (Oxford) v Graham [2002] UKHL 30; [2003] 1 AC 419, HL. Adverse Possession: fundamentals of adverse possession.
    • Hallam Land Management v UK Coal Mining [2002] EWCA Civ 982; [2002] 2 EGLR 80, CA. Claim for specific performance of an option agreement.
    • Lysongo v Railtrack plc [2002] EWCA Civ 808. Landlord and tenant: terms of tenancy; breach of user covenant; forfeiture; waiver.
    • Re 54 & 66 Woodsford Square, W14 [2002] EWLVT 145. 1967 Act leasehold enfranchisement: valuation disputes.
    • Clapham v City of Westminster [2002], Parking & Traffic Appeals Adjudicator.  Highways: whether land routinely used for parking vehicles, demarcated by parking posts and the subject of notices, dedicated as highway.
    • McMahon v Hickey [2001] All ER (D) 223 (Jun), Jacob J. Appeal on a point of law against decision of Rent Assessment Committee.
    • Strongfleet v Bank of Wales plc [2001] All ER (D) 201 (Mar), McCombe J. Vendor and purchaser: whether contract for sale became unconditional.
    • Kachela v J H Watson Property Investment Ltd [2000], QBD.  Land registration: unregistered 125-year lease; whether overriding interest; whether tenant in process of decorating flat in actual occupation.
    • Boissevain v Lindhagen 27/7/2000 & 5/7/1999, both CA. Landlord and tenant: whether landlord entitled to possession on the basis of rent arrears where a receiver had been appointed to collect the rents.
    • Cank v Broadyard Associates [2001] CP Rep 4; [2000] WL 108362, CA. CPR case management: striking out and relief against sanction where failure to comply with court order.
    • Martin v Maryland Estates [1999] 2 EGLR 53; (2000) 32 HLR 116, CA. Landlord and tenant: residential service charges; whether dispensation with requirements of statutory consultation process should be granted.
    • CE & KM Bowra v Barker [1998] PLSCS 168, Mance J. Arbitration: whether arbitration award should be set aside for misconduct where arbitrator treated initial rent as best evidence of open market rental value.
    • Associated Newspapers Property v Drapers Company [1997] 2 EGLR 88, CA. Landlord and tenant: scheme involving extinguishment of sublease by merger with headlease; whether commutation of rent contrary to terms of covenant.
    • Friends' Provident Life Office v British Railways Board [1996] 1 All ER 336, CA. Landlord and tenant: whether original tenant liable under deed of variation executed by assignee.
    • 58 Bassett Road Management Company v Clarke [1996] (Cty Ct).  1993 Act collective enfranchisement; invalidity of reversioner’s counter-notice; consequences.

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • Publications
    • Joint editor, Barnsley's Land Options 6th ed., 2016.
    • Contributor to The Law and Practice of Charging Orders on Land, 2013.
    • Joint editor, Barnsley's Land Options 5th ed., 2009.
    • Joint editor, Barnsley's Land Options 4th ed., 2004.
    • Contributor to Fisher & Lightwood's Law of Mortgage, 11th ed., 2001.
    • Former contributor to ICSL Bar Vocational Course, Landlord and Tenant Manual.
    • Former contributor to the Landlord and Tenant Fact Book, Chapter 10 (residential tenancies).
    • Former contributor to Localaw UK - Sweet & Maxwell website - landlord and tenant section.
  • Articles
    • There’s no profit in alienation consents.  Solicitors Journal (2016) Vol.160, No.43, page 31.
    • The lay of the land. New Law Journal (2014), No.164(7592), pages 11-12.
    • Deeds speak louder than words. Attesting time for deeds? The Conveyancer (2013), Issue 4, pages 298-310.
    • There's nothing optional about option notices. Estates Gazette (2013) No.1323, pages 66-68.
    • Which option is a safe bet? Estates Gazette (2013) No.1324, pages 90-92.
    • Good House-keeping: Case Study on the Leasehold Reform Act 1967. Property Litigation Association website, June 2009.
    • Whose land is it anyway? – Title by adverse possession.  Landlord & Tenant Review (2003), Issue 7(3), pages 40-42.
    • Litigation and business tenancies: no room for Russian Roulette.  New Law Journal (2002), No.152(7031), pages 701-702.
    • Property law update: To Consent or Not To Consent?  That is The Question.  New Law Journal (2002), No.152(7053), pages 1596 & 1615.
    • Property law update: business security of tenure, and scope of covenant permitting entry to demised premises.  New Law Journal (2002), No.152(7043), pages 1205-1206.
    • Property law update.  New Law Journal (2002), No.152(7031), pages 701-702.
    • The future of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954, Part 2: continuing the debate.  Landlord & Tenant Review (2001), Issue 5(4), pages 66-69.
"A highly sought-after junior, with a specialism in high-profile property cases. He covers a range of matters including boundary disputes, lease renewals and adverse possession disputes. He also sits as a judge in the First tier Tribunal. Strengths: 'Provides very clear and detailed technical advice.' Recent work: Represented the claimant in a claim for rectification of the register of title arising from the fraudulent sale of the claimant’s property, i a three day hearing in the Chancery Division." Chambers UK Guide 2018 (Real Estate Litigation)
"He has an excellent grasp of his subject matter and is at the top of his game".Legal 500, 2017
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